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Bloatware is a term used in the computing world. It's a broad term that refers to programs that are excessively large or consume considerable system resources, which slow down a device's operation. Bloatware can take on different forms such as pre-installed software by manufacturers, unwanted toolbars or plugins, and unnecessary features in software applications. Manufactures and vendors often install these extra software to promote their products or third-party applications but it often leads to diminished system performance and storage space.

Pre-installed bloatware is most commonly associated with new computers and smartphones. Companies often install these software programs into the devices before they are purchased by consumers. These can include games, tools, and various other applications. While some bloatware can be helpful, they often consume a large part of the device's storage space and system resources.

Many users consider pre-installed software as bloatware because they are often unnecessary and unwanted. Also, in some cases, they're almost impossible to remove without unlocking the device's administrator rights. Bloatware programs are typically manufacturer-specific. For instance, Samsung phones and tablets might come preloaded with Samsung apps, and Dell computers may arrive with Dell-specific software.

Another form of bloatware is unnecessary features in software applications, often referred to as software bloat or feature bloat. As software applications become more advanced, developers continually add more features. However, some features may not be useful to all users, thus causing an excessive burden on system resources. Over time, these unnecessary features can slow down the software or make it more complex for users to navigate.

Lastly, unwanted toolbars or plugins can also be considered as bloatware. Many free software downloads now come bundled with unwanted toolbars, plugins or additional software, that automatically install unless the user specifically opts out. These additional programs, while they may seem harmless, often slow down web browsers, change default browser settings, and even track users' online activity.

In conclusion, bloatware refers to any software, features, or applications that consume considerable system resources and provide little to no beneficial value to the user. These can range from pre-installed applications by manufacturers, to unnecessary features in software applications, and unwanted toolbars or plugins. Not only do they reduce system performance and storage space but may also infringe on users' digital privacy.