, ,

FPS

Listen to this glossary

FPS, or framerate, is a term primarily used in the field of digital videos, animation, and gaming. FPS stands for frames per second, indicating how many times an image (or a frame) on the screen is updated in one second. It is a quantitative measure of the smoothness and quality of motions being displayed on a screen.

High framerates ensure seamless, lifelike animation, while low framerates could result in choppy and disjointed animations or motions. Just as a flipbook's smoothness of animation increases with more pages being turned in quick succession, the same applies for digital motions; the higher the FPS, the smoother the motion will appear to the naked eye. Framerate is one of the defining factors that determine the overall viewing experience of digital content.

In gaming, FPS is a primary indicator of performance quality. A high FPS in games means that the game's characters and environment will move more smoothly, increasing the player’s ability to interact in real-time. This is crucial in fast-paced games where quick, accurate responses could mean the difference between winning and losing. Many gamers prioritize achieving high FPS because they value the optimal gaming experience it provides.

The ideal framerate can vary depending on the application of the video or game. Film traditionally used 24 FPS to present a cinematic look, while television often uses either 30 FPS (in North America) or 25 FPS (in Europe). For most video games, 60 FPS is considered as an optimal framerate, providing smooth motion and great detail. Newer, high-end gaming systems are striving to reach 120 FPS and beyond for a truly seamless experience.

However, having a high FPS rate requires more computational power and can drain resources quickly. This is why more powerful hardware is needed to maintain high framerates in graphically intense games. Furthermore, the technical limitations of a display screen or monitor can impact the displayed FPS. Most standard screens have a 60Hz refresh rate, correlating to a maximum frame rate of 60 FPS. Advanced gaming monitors, however, can reach up to 240Hz, compatible with a framerate up to 240 FPS.

In conclusion, FPS is a key indicator of the quality of digital motion viewing. While the ideal FPS might vary across different applications, achieving high FPS is generally a top priority in video gaming to ensure a superior and immersive gameplay experience.