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Black frame insertion

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Black Frame Insertion (BFI) is a technology used in the field of visual computing and display technology to improve the quality and smoothness of the motion representation in digital video. It is a method commonly used in flatscreen televisions, gaming monitors, and other display devices to reduce motion blur and produce clearer and sharper images.

The concept behind Black Frame Insertion is rather simple and works by intermittently inserting a completely black frame between two actual frames in the video. Hence, rather than displaying the next frame directly after the previous frame, a black frame is squeezed in between. This gives our eyes a very short moment to reset and perceive the change in motion, helping it to capture the fast-moving sequences more effectively.

The BFI method seeks to mimic the operation of older Cathode Ray Tube (CRT) televisions. These did not have issues of sample-and-hold motion blurring that modern flat-panel TVs suffer from. These old CRT TVs would flash an image on the screen quickly and then go black before the next image, which naturally gave the black frame insertion effect.

However, using Black Frame Insertion is not without drawbacks. One of the most common is the noticeable reduction in the overall screen brightness. When black frames are added intermittently, the display spends less time showing an actual image, which can reduce the emitted light and make screen content seem dimmer.

Still, display manufacturers are coming up with new ways to counter these limitations, such as employing backlight strobing and more advanced dimming techniques that vary the backlight brightness across different parts of the screen.

Overall, Black Frame Insertion plays an important role in modern display technologies as it helps tackle the motion blur problem - a prevalent issue in fast-moving video content. Although it comes with a few cons, continuous advancements in technology are gradually overcoming these drawbacks, refining the technique, and paving the way for crisper and smoother video displays in the future.